In taxing estates and trusts, all income is taxable to the fiduciary or to the beneficiaries. The conduit rule for taxing estates and trusts is applicable for North Carolina income tax purposes. Under the conduit rules regardless of who is taxed, the income retains its same character as when received by the estate or trust. The additions and deductions to federal taxable income of an estate or trust must be apportioned between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries based on the distributions of income made during the taxable year.
If the trust instrument or will that created the estate or trust does not provide for the distribution of certain classes of income to different beneficiaries, the apportionment of additions and deductions to the beneficiaries is determined on the basis that each beneficiary’s share of the estate’s or trust’s “total income,” the sum of lines 1 through 8 on the beneficiary’s Schedule K-1, Federal Form 1041, relates to “adjusted total income” from Line 17 of Federal Form 1041.
If the trust instrument or will specifically provides for the distribution of certain classes of income to different beneficiaries, any addition or deduction directly attributable to a particular class of income must be apportioned to the beneficiaries to which that class of income is distributed.
In apportioning the adjustments, the total income on Federal Schedule K-1 must be adjusted for distributions to the beneficiaries that are not reflected in the total income. The adjusted total income (Line 17 of Federal Form 1041) must be adjusted (1) to exclude classes of income that are not part of the distribution to the beneficiary; (2) to include classes of income that are a part of the distribution to the beneficiary but are not included on Line 17; and (3) by any deduction treated differently for State and federal tax purposes that adjusts federal taxable income.
After apportioning the additions and deductions to the beneficiaries, the balance is apportioned to the fiduciary.